Model Town

The sugar mill reduced to ruins, the main street desolate, and inside the houses a past encrusted in memories. “From model town to ghost town,” mutter those living in the town of Hersey, Cuba, as the one-time splendor is turned into a redoubt of nostalgia. Thanks to the talent of various young filmmakers, the small town in Matanzas is now portrayed in a short documentary that will bring tears to your eyes and a lump to your throat. A wistful walk for hundreds of people for whom the future unquestionably did not end up being a better time.

The unusual town had a modern urban layout, a prosperous sugar industry, a chocolate factory, and an electric train that still circulates, screeching and sparking. Everything is on a small scale, but functional, as if a dozen doll’s houses with gable roofs had been carefully arranged on the lawn. Thanks to the efforts of Milton Hersey, who was born in a village in Pennsylvania, construction of this curious settlement on Santa Cruz hill, east of our capital, began in 1915.

Yesterday’s prosperity and today’s inertia are the contrasting chords of the short film directed by Laimir Fano which was screened in the Chaplin cinema, at a showing where several bloggers were prevented from entering. Fortunately, its emotional 15 minutes are already circulating on alternative information distribution networks, where there is no need to comply with the rules regarding “right of admission” of certain cultural institutions. A magnificent collection of images, coupled with adventurous work on the sound and soundtrack, manage to transport us to that village immersed in homesickness. The chocolate acts as a trigger for the emotions of the characters, while the spectators – on this side of the screen – can feel the aroma and the texture of memory wrapped in the same paper as the chocolates.

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37 thoughts on “Model Town

  1. 36Damir

    Junio 24th, 2010 at 06:14
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    hahahahahahahahaha…… little retarded got mad because he made ridiculous……. hahahahahaha…..it is very funny to read how this poor animal get the hell mad because he is incapable to understand a simple fact!!!!!…… you dumbest, castro is definitively one of the 10 richest rules in the world….. it is so hard to understand?????….. yes, it is for you…… you are dislexic….. you can understand what you read…… porr moron….. bye dummy…… ahahahahahahahahahaha

  2. Post33 No he isn’t you stupid monkey. The list you are talking about is a list that includes kings, queens and other non-elected rulers.

    That is NOT the list of the TEN WEALTHIEST in the world. You stupid shit eating donkey. It says clearly what list it is. And it clearly states that the information about Fidel is a guesswork based on the profits of the Cuban industry they THINK he has under his control.

    While he probably is controlling it, no one knows how much he may have because no one hs acces to that information. And it is MORE likely that he had shared it among his children because he doesn’t need any of it anyway.

    Look at me..trying to explain the facts to a moronic worm with NO brains whatsoever…

    So stick a cucumber up your idiotic and ignorant arse and scream “revolution!!!”

    Try also “I love Fidel!!!” Because you obviously do.

    Deranged mental barbarity of the human race.

    Lying is the only thing you are capable of, and even that you do BAD!!

    What a loser.

  3. o he isn’yt you stupid monkey. The list you are talking about is a list that includes kings, queens and other non-elected rulers.

    That is NOT the list of the TEN WEALTHIEST in the world. You stupid shit eating donkey.

    So stick a cucumber up your idiotic and ignorant arse and scream “revolution!!!”

    Try also “I love Fidel!!!” Because you obviously do.

    Deranged mental barbarity of the human race.

    Lying is the only thing you are capable of, and even that you do BAD!!

    What a loser.

  4. Post 33 is from a mentally deranged idiot with no sense of civility. Just a lot of insulting with no substance. Endless stream of those two same words the immigrant has managed to identify in his dictionary (monkey, there are FREE translatin pages on the internet) and is relentlessly throwing them at anyone who doesn’t think Yoani is the brod No.1.

    Well, retard, you are both mentally challenged. And have no hope for recovery. Your stupidity is already legendary. Everyone knows that you are the same person behind almost all of the “supporters” nicks.

    Your empty skull is not capable of delivering to you any information, let alone to make sense of it.

    So your next post will be just another barrage of insults indiscriminately spread over the page wth no regards to the fact that people will always have a different opinion and that it is their right to disagree with you.

    And there’s NOTHING you can do about that.

    Just like Fidel, you want only to have people think what you think. Anyone thinking for themselves and not accepting your stupidity should be eliminated.

    To come to think of it, you are Fidel, aren’t you? After all, that is what HE would do, as you always say.

    Hola imigrante, hijo de mierda. Capitalism sucks but you wouldn’t admit it under torture, would you? Something is telling me that you are on of those “tourists” chasing kids in Cuba for sex.

    That how retarded you appear here, so it has to be true.

  5. 32Damir

    Junio 23rd, 2010 at 07:28
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    Ooooooohhh yes, he is, little retarded…… castro is among the ten richest rulers in the world:

    http://www.forbes.com/2006/05/04/rich-kings-dictators_cz_lk_0504royals.html

    Get your fingers out your nose and learn dummy….. hahahahahahahaha…… aaaaaaaaaaahhhahahahahahahaha…….. what a ridiculous dumby!!!!!…… hahahahahaha……. you don’t get tired of making ridiculous for the world????….. hahahahahahahaha

  6. Post 31, what hurts more? The fact that there are only a few of you and nobody in the world gives a crap about your “fight for democration”, or the fact that your skull is empty? Or the fact that Castro is NOT on the Forbes’ list?

    Except in your empty skull, of course.

    http://www.forbes.com/lists/2010/10/billionaires-2010_The-Worlds-Billionaires_Networth.html

    For full details to those who might fall for this patological liar’s delusions. Check also Latin American list. Not a single Castro there either.

    But the nazist propagandist with only lies to spread will continue to repeat his lies hoping someone will believe.

    So far the only taker is the one in his toilet mirror.

    It must be really hurtful to realise that no matter what you do, the truth is just not budging, eh compadre?

  7. 29Damir

    Junio 22nd, 2010 at 08:46
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    Jejejeje…… poor retarded….. jejejejeje…… it seems you has been touch very deep by the historical facts related in comment #27……. jejejeje…….. but to wish something is not enough to make it come true….. history is history retarded thug, and no crying of you and no histeric revolving can make desapear the history……. castro clan is # 10 in FORBES list and cuban commies were allied of batista and supported his crimes in same way they did later and does now with castrofascism…… from communism to fascism only goes a name…… both ideologies are the same shit….. dogmas practiced by opportunists and supported by stupid people……… jejejejeje….. poor retarded, crying because reality make him to learn unhappy things….. jejejejeje

  8. Post 23, It is absolutely strange to claim that I am offering “you” some choices. You did not read my post properly. No choices there. Yoani dwells on good old times in capitalism that she couldn’t possibly know anything about. The town is before Batista, of course, but the tone of her post is clearly talking about some other times before Castros.

    Never in the history of Cuba people had the choice and options to “win” a living. Official data from cuban economic history clearly show that Cuba was always divided into a small perversely rich elite and a large poor majority.

    I agree that there’s little change in that respect, I have said that many times. But Yoani is just hitting the wrong examples and the wrong issues every time she posts something. And even when she may have a good subject, she screws it up with her capitalist fantasies and completely misconstrued ideas about the freedom and liberty.

    Yoani is for that particular reason a hero to ignorants, to cheap gossip print like Huffington Post, to naive right-wing wannabees from other countries atc.

    She does not have a real story to tell. And we will agree that there are some really good stories to be told.

    Yoani is just not a journalist. She does not have the instinct for a story and does not what to say to make a real story.

    So, what she does is, and by a long shot she is not like Castro, she COPIES his style. But, as Barbara said well, Fidel is an educated nad intelligent person. So he does his part a lot better.

    We may like or dislike him, but he addresses the issues in his fashio. Yoani, merely mentions something and then quickly turns it into a baby crying when nappies are ready for a change.

    Some revolution is that. I suggest you read her first posts to see the difference between then and now.

    Will tell you the real story about the team Yoani and their confusion about their role in this site.

    There isn’t one.

  9. Post 27, another post full of shit, as it is now a norm from a hysterical nazist like that one. For one, batista lied to communist party in order to get the votes and support. Just like Hitler and Mussolini. Hence, batista IS a NAZIST.

    Second, Fidel is not on Forbes list AT ALL. Only a stupid primitive immigrant with an empty skull like that can write something that stupid.

    Anyone intelligent will open the list and will fail to find ANY Cubans on it among the first 200, or 300, or even more.

    On the other hand, there are many cuban druglords from Miami that could easily end up on the list if the list were to include the criminals.

    But a moron like poster of 29, well, there is a challenge to understand.

    Start with repeating to yourself that you are but a insignificant nobody. A moron really.

    And progress from there.

  10. 25Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 14th, 2010 at 15:30
    #23 – ROBERTO ALBA

    That’s what happens when there is a blockade against a tiny little island by the world’s superpower only 90 miles away, and every country that trades commercially with the little island nation is forbidden from docking at any port,
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    If thisnominal embargo would implementing to a efective and international embargo castrofascism had desapeared in same way sudafrica apartheid regimen desapeared and the suffering of the cuban people caused by the crimes of the fascist regime in Cuba would have desapeared too. But thanks to a hesitating world, thanks special interests created in the world, thanks the support of evil people like you this regime continue killing, incarcerating, beating, repressing, destroying and making the suffering of the cuabns people a 51 years long calvary.

  11. 18Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 13th, 2010 at 21:17
    Properties owned by Fulgencio Batista by William Navarrete:
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    Well, well, well…….. we are advancing……. now no longer we writes lies about suposedly americans owning Cuba but we now write true Cuba owner records….. it is a huge advance silly thug……. but you always forget the best part of the history in your posts……… Thanks to whom was Batista one of the larger owners of Cuba??????……… YES YOU ARE RIGHT!!!!!!!!….. Thanks to Cuba’s Communist Party!!!!!……. same fate run castro and castro-spin clans……. thanks Cuba’s communist parties those clans owns today whole Cuba and owns properties and companies around the world for billions dollars value…… thanks Cuba’s communist party those fidel castro is today one of the 10 richest men in the world according FORBES!!!!!

  12. 16Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 13th, 2010 at 18:36
    Fulgencio Batista:
    in the elections of 1940 he was the candidate of the Communist Party … his portrait hung next to Blas Roca’s and Lazaro Pena’s; and half a dozen ministers and confidants of his are leading members of the CP
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Wow….. you are a good student…. you learn quick!!!!!
    But you are a bit ungrateful….. you don’t thanks your teachers!!!!!!

    Well, I am happy now to know you are aware same party in power today in Cuba were Batista’s party……. this party only concern is power, it doesn’t matter the way, power they want …… 2 consecutive dictators has Cuban communist supported….. one for 10 years the other for 51……. one from the right the other from the left!!!!

  13. #23 – ROBERTO ALBA

    That’s what happens when there is a blockade against a tiny little island by the world’s superpower only 90 miles away, and every country that trades commercially with the little island nation is forbidden from docking at any port, or doing any commerce with the superpower for at elast 6 months. What is worse is what happens when a corporation in the superpower buys a small interest in any corporation previously doing business with the little island, as in the case of the Swiss company that used to sell the little island the necessary medicine to prevent nausea in children undergoing chemotherapy, and they can no longer sell the medicines for children to that little island. AND YOU CRY OVER HOUSES???
    .

  14. DAMIR – Superb.
    I disagree they are like Fidel. Fidel is extremely intelligent and knowledgeable of history. He is also very much consumed by his country’s history and independence; in a world absorbed by a global economy run by mobsters in suits able to send the most powerful armies in human history agaisnt any rersistence, and to change the rules of the game at any time, as is convenient to their intere$t$. Fidel could have easily sold out to the highest bider like Batista did, and Eisenhower, and the rest would have applauded the change of guard. Although in comparison to all that gangster Batista acquired in a short time, Fidel’s wealth may have been modest, but he was still wealthy, as was Raul’s wife, Vilma (heir to Bacardi fortune) – they did what they did out of convictions, and have had to be in the trenches since, but despite the onerous threat from the world super-power 90 miles away, they have remained sure-footed. Now, Yoani thinks that she should be summoned to a table that will be wobbly until that happens. Ji ji ji ji. You are not kidding “wrong place at the wrong time!

  15. Damir

    Yoani is making no comparison between Fidel and Batista. Those are your words, not hers. You choose to pick out 8 years of Cuba’s history and then seek to justify the next 52 based on those 8 years. Do not present us with false choices.

    The town in the video was established in 1918, many years before Batista ever came to power.

    Her only comparison is between the Cuba of before, where people could win a living, and the Cuba of today- devoid of hope, to the point where people choose to brave the sea rather than stay.

    I find it hypocritical of Castro to blame the Americans for not doing business in Cuba and maintaining an Embargo on the island. Its interesting that while he was the one who threw them out and stole billions of dollars in property, that now Castro has the balls to say that they are bad for not wanting to do business in Cuba.

    I thought we didn’t need the Americans. I guess he fucked up didn’t he? That’s what happens when a group of young bearded punks who think that they can run a country actually get the chance to run it. Go figure…

  16. This is the story not just of Hershey, Cuba – but of hundreds of towns across the island. This is what happens when a band of bearded thugs who thinks they know how to run a country actually get a chance to run it.

    I hope I can go back one day and make a difference in my country. The last time I went I cried when I looked around and saw where I was from. Cuba will be free one day… I already am.

  17. Barbara, great information, great posts, as always.

    I am struggling to see any relevancy of this article by Yoani’s team to the current situation, save Yoani wanted to make some kind of ‘comparison” between the “divine usanian democratic capitalism” handled by Batista in the name of his bosses from usanian mafia and govt, and the current difficult situation which is not only attributable to Fidel, but also to the blockade still in place, and still unsuccessful in overthrowing Fidel.

    I’m sure that resident vultures, hyenas and chacals, will explain that to me in their colourful and rude immigrants’ language, as is to be expected from people stuck in their primitive fantasy worlds…

    No amount of anticastrofascists can change the fact that the article has no message and is poorly conceived.

    Yoani’s team have ran out of things to say long time ago. Now they are just doing the Fidel-thing. Talk ad nauseam untile no one can keep their eyes open and cannot give a hoot, even if they tried.

    Exaust them, until they crack.

    Yoani, no one is going to crack here. Your stereotypical “they are beating me fro wanting to overthrow the regime, bastards”, is so chewed up, no one is falling for that any more.

    In fact, that is called terrorism even in the centres you are looking up to and hoping for sympathy. Supporting your outdated ideas is supporting terrorism.

    Who in their right mind would be that stupid to compromise themselves by standing behind another pathetic wannabe “democrat” looking for a change of the government any way possible…?

    European govts almost fell because of the war in Jugoslavia. Now they are falling apart due to their own stupid “financial management” practices.

    Wrong person in a wrong time and in a wrong place.

    But Colombia and Mexico, the private sector Yoani so cherishes, may have a solution but I’m not sure Yoani would like it if it actually happens.

  18. Duncan Green –
    I’m no apologist for the Cuban government, but it’s noteworthy that despite its much lower GDP per capita, Cuba keeps beating much richer countries in social and environmental league tables drawn up by some highly respectable NGOs. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Oxfam America contrasted the carnage in New Orleans with Cuba’s extraordinarily effective disaster response. Then the Worldwide Fund for Nature’s 2006 Living Planet report identified Cuba as the only country that achieved high levels of human development while living within its environmental footprint. Now Save the Children UK has developed a new Child Development Index (CDI) and sure enough, there is Cuba at number 20, the highest placed developing country and three slots above the USA.

  19. Since I’, blocked from posting in the most recent Yoani post – although there are only 3 postings there, I’ll post here:

    Yoani can dream of Perestroika, Glasnost, Walensa style solidarity movements, and benevolent sugar barons all she wants; but she should thank her lucky stars each time she looks at her little red elementary school scarf , because thanks to the sacrifices of many in Cuba, she had a wonderful childhood, as children in Cuba still do today.

    In our world there are 215 million children who have to work in order to survive – none in Cuba.

    115 million of them do it under the worst and most degrading conditions of exploitation, that is sure to scar them physically and emotionally for life.

    According to Save the Children, 40 million children and adolescents in the world work as domestic servants, nearly 10 million are kept secretly in their employers’ homes. These children, as young as 10 years of age or less, suffer conditions of “authentic slavery“, subjected to endless working hours and abuses

    In Sub-Saharan Africa 1 in every 4 children have to work. In the Asian-Pacific region, 1 in every 8 children have to work, and in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1 in every 10.
    That is without taking immigrant children, orphans, and victims of child trafficking (especially the girls) into consideration.

    This is not the case in Cuba.
    In Cuba children are only expected to just be children.

    The # 2 Objective of the Millennium in the UN is – making universal primary education a priority- in order to combat child labor and give infancy an opportunity for a future, as well as establishing a policy that will “improve the families economy, so that they will be able to survive without having to send their children to work.”

    The National Center for Homeless Families in the US has provided the following data from 2005-06:

    1.5 million children in the U.S. are homeless.
    42% of them are under 6 years of age.
    The figures are more disproportionate among Afro-American and First Nations People in the U.S.
    More than 1 in 7 of homeless children have health problems – from moderate to severe, such as asthma.
    Approximately 1.16 million homeless children will not graduate from high school in our country.

    Yet our government has wasted $70 million on Cuban American organizations in the past 10 years alone, and last week Congress released another $15 million, and probably more to follow.

    Since 1959 a superb system of education, including higher education has been made available to all Cubans free of cost.

    There are even thousands of scholarships available to students from around the world who mostly come to Cuba to study medicine, at ELAM (Latin American School of Medicine). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELAM_(Latin_American_School_of_Medicine)_Cuba

    500 of those scholarships are reserved exclusively for U.S. students. http://www.ifconews.org/node/351 Presently 150 U.S. students of different races and ethnicities, and from different states in the union are becoming doctors there. Those which have already graduated are practicing in the US. Recently, some of them went to Haiti to assist victims of the horrific earthquake alongside Cuban doctors.

    All Cuba is looking for are those interested in a medical career they cannot afford here, with a heart for the poor. All is included; tuition, uniforms, room & board, textbooks, recreational activities, and a small monthly stipend in pesos. Students only need to pay for airfare to and from Cuba, and it is approved by our Treasury Department.
    Now that is benevolence!

  20. Properties owned by Fulgencio Batista by William Navarrete:

    “In the Sugar Industry”
    Mills:
    – Washington – the 5th largest refinery, and 18th largest distillery, under the name of Compañía Inmobiliaria Rocar SA.
    – Constancia – had the 46th largest capacity among the nation’s mills, under the name of Fernando de la Riva Domínguez.
    – Central Andorra – 17th most important on the island with a distillery that palced #19th in the country, a yeast and syrup factory.
    – Owned 10% – 15% of the capital holdinggs of Compañía Azucarera Atlántica del Golfo SA; the largest sugar North American nothconsortium in Cuba.
    – Owned Compañía Agrícola Punta Felipe SA, one of the top 40 sugar cane colonies which did the grinding for the Washington mill.

    “In the Banking Industry”
    – In partnership with José López Vilaboy, his wife Martha controlled almost 80% of the stock of the Banco Hispano Cubano.

    In Real Estate”
    Owned the following companies:
    – Compañía Inmobiliaria Marimuca SA,
    – Compañía de Inversiones Dofinca SA,
    – Compañía Inmobiliaria Adorsinda,
    – Compañía de Inversiones y Desarrollo de Baracoa,
    – Compañía de Fomento del Túnel de L. H. S. A.,
    – Sociedad Marimelena Realty Company,
    – Compañía de Fomento Almendares SA,
    – Compañía Urbanizadora Valvelano SA,
    – Urbanizadora Crysa SA,
    – Real properties in north Vedado
    – Dalmen investments
    – Inmobiliaria Miramar,
    – Territorial San Vicente SA
    – Several holdings in lands and buildings on Primera y 36 (Miramar), Galiano y Malecón, Malecón y San Lázaro y G y 27.
    – Stockholder in Propiedad Horizontal Miramar SA, in partnership with Guillermo Martínez Márquez, el Ing. Cristóbal Díaz González y Alfredo Izaguirre Hornedo.
    – Stockholder in Compañía de Inmueble SA, which held diverse properties in Miramar, Nuevo Vedado, Puentes Grandes y Ampliación de Almendares, whose agent was Cristóbal Díaz.
    – Stockholder in Propietaria de Fincas Rústicas SA (after buying the lands on April 30, 1954 from previous owner, Francisco Méndez-Capote López),
    and – Stockholder in Compañía Urbanizadora Crismercy SA (in which Cristóbal Díaz González was the intermediary).
    – Stockholder of Urbanizadora Varadero SA; owner of the Kawana neighborhood which surrounded the Varadero Beach motel; which he acquired through business dealings with Alberto, Roberto y Luis Mendoza Freyre de Andrade.
    – Principal Stockholder in Compañía de Fomento del Túnel de La Habana SA, contractor and manager of the Bay tunnel and the entire area of influence of the Tunnel, with a capital of more than 10 millon pesos.
    – Owner of farmlands known as Finca Yemayá, in Pinar del Río, which he received as a gift from his friend from the textile industry, Dayton Hedges. – Private ranch Kuquine, southeast of Havana.

    “Stocks and Bonds”
    – Owner of different stock issues of the Republic of Cuba, valued at 550 000 pesos, in the Compañía de Inversiones Victoria SA,
    – bonds in the Cuban Telephone Company of 200 000 of BANDES through Construcciones Marítimas Baliza SA and titles from the Savings and Capital Bank, Godoy Sayán.
    “Contracting Firms”
    – Owner of different contracting firms, such as Compañía Ingeniería del Golfo SA in which Ramón Mirabile Aguiar y Armando García Gual represented his interests.

    “Industry”
    – Owner of 200 000 pesos from the capital of 2 200 000 belonging to the Compañía Técnica Cubana SA, though the Urbanizadora Crismercy SA of his property.
    – 3rd major owner with 40 000 pesos in shares of the Industrias Siropex SA, a light cement blocks factory.
    – Principal owner of the Servicios Metropolitanos de Gas SA in which he controlled 50% of the capital, above 600 000 pesos, with the shares in the name of Prudencio Fernández del Río.
    – The cement company, Santa Teresa, in Artemisa, appeared under the name of General Luis Robaina Piedra, father-in-law to his son, Rubén Batista Godínez.

    “Press and Radio”
    -Owner of the daily newspaper, “Alerta”, whose shares were under the name of Compañía Inmobiliaria Rocar SA, and appeared as if owned by Ramón Vasconcelos Maragliano and Ramón Santé Niebla.
    – owned Channel 12 SA, a TV channel with studios in Prado n° 20 and an office in Virtudes n° 312 which transmitted in color during 20 hours each day through its own plant, Telecolor, located at 2806 49 Ave., Marianao. Gaspar Pumarejo appeared as the owner and used Dr. Ramiro López Mendoza as intermediary, his personal physician.
    – Owned Gente SA, a weekly newspaper .
    – Owned 300 000 pesos in shares of Compañía Editorial Mediodía SA.
    – Owned various radio stations: RHC Cadena Azul de Cuba SA, in the name of Radio Repórter SA, in which Manuel Pérez Benitoa y Andrés Domingo Morales del Castillo appeared as figureheads. – Owned 326 000 pesos in shares of Radio Siboney SA.
    – Owned Cadena Oriental de Radio SA, in partnership with Agustín Mederos Fernández, Guillermo Henríquez Rosell, Bernardo Vega Dosal, José A. Vivó Hdez, and contractor Alberto Vadía Mena.
    – Owned Circuito Nacional Cubano, a radio station in Vedado, in which he owned 247 000 shares extended on February 21, 1955 under the name of Antonio Pérez Benitoa.
    – Owned Unión Radio.

    “Transportation”
    – Sole proprietor of Cuba Aeropostal, a cargo, express and postal air line.
    – Principal owner of the air line Aerovías Q, SA.
    – Principal owner of the air line Compañía Cubana de Aviación SA, in which he controlled more than 2/3 of the private capital, through the company, Compañía Inmobiliaria Rocar SA, which appeared as the property of Andrés Domingo Morales del Castillo and Manuel Pérez Benitoa.
    – Secretly owner Compañía Interamericana de Transportes por Carretera SA, cargo and express truck services, with an affiliate called Tráfico del Transporte SA, and a central office in Luyanó.
    – Controlled more than 90% of the subscribed capital, above 3 437 700 pesos, through the law firm of Pérez Benitoa and several phantom firms registered in Panama, as well as bearer shares.
    – Owned Compañía de Transporte Miller.
    – Owned Compañía Naviera Isla del Tesoro SA.

    “Tourism”

    – Owned Compañía Motel El Oasis SA, a 55 room motel in Varadero, built at the cost of 1 050 000 pesos, under the name of Urbanizadora Varadero SA
    – Principal owner of Hoteles Isla del Tesoro SA
    – Principal owner of hotel and motel El Colony, in Isla de Pinos
    – Owned 50% of the capital of Playas del Golfo SA, which he received from engineers Julio Lecuona Caballol and César Castellá Lecuona, of the touristy urbanization Barlovento, which kept its shares in the security box of the Trust Company of Cuba, under the names of Andrés Domingo Morales del Castillo and Antonio Pérez Benitoa.
    – Principal owner of Compañía Hotelera Antillana, a hotel project with 650 to 700 units at the cost of 25 000 000 pesos which was to be built in Parque Martí (entre las calles G, H, Malecón y Calzada), in Vedado, and which appeared under the name of Compañía Inmobiliaria Rocar SA.
    – Owned Compañía Territorial Playa Francés
    – Compañía de Fomento y Turismo de Trinidad SA,
    – Gerona Beach Territorial SA
    – Compañía Urbanizadora Varadero SA.

    Others:
    – Owned Compañía de Parquímetros Cubanos SA, which imported parking meters to be used in Havana.

    Last Notes:

    He owned 3 sugar mills.
    Among Cuba’s presidents turned wealthy landowners; Major General of the Liberation Army (of the nation’s independence) José Miguel Gómez, Major General of the Liberation Army (of the nation’s independence) the engineer Mario García-Menocal, and President Dr. Carlos Prío Socarrás; only Menocal surpassed him with 4 sugar mills, although for only a brief period of time.

    Through Francisco Blanco Calás he purchased, in 1941, the sugar mill named Washington, and in 1949, he acquired the sugar mill named Constancia through Fernando de la Riva who appeared as the owner, and finally, in 1958 be acquired the sugar mill named Andorra.

    Batista pressured the heirs of Pedro Rodríguez into selling him the sugar mill, Andorra, on December 11, 1958, for which he paid them only 3 million pesos for a property valued at 16 million.
    Gastón Godoy Loret de Mola managed the transaction, which was purchased under the name of a Panamanian firm, Overseas Bond and Share Corporation.

    On September 19, 1955 his government, through BANDES, granted the construction contract for the tunnel under the Bay of Havana to the French company, to Société des Grands Travaux de Marseille, which agreed to give him around 5 million pesos during the 3 year construction period, a higher commission than that offered by the competing US firm.

    He favored his brothers Francisco and Hermelindo, with political appointments. The first was Governor of the Province of Hvana since 1952, a Representative in 1954, President of the Democratic Party since 1955, and one of the principal shareholders of Consorcio Reca, a financial group that controlled 4 firms dedicated to oil exploration, exploitation and refining . Francisco Batista had already been a representative in 1936, and twice Mayor of Marianao.
    As far as Hermelindo Batista, he was a Representative for Pinar del Río since 1954, and his son Ramón Batista Diéguez was a Representative for “La Habana

  21. by Duncan Green
    I’m no apologist for the Cuban government, but it’s noteworthy that despite its much lower GDP per capita, Cuba keeps beating much richer countries in social and environmental league tables drawn up by some highly respectable NGOs. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Oxfam America contrasted the carnage in New Orleans with Cuba’s extraordinarily effective disaster response. Then the Worldwide Fund for Nature’s 2006 Living Planet report identified Cuba as the only country that achieved high levels of human development while living within its environmental footprint. Now Save the Children UK has developed a new Child Development Index (CDI) and sure enough, there is Cuba at number 20, the highest placed developing country and three slots above the USA.

  22. Fulgencio Batista:
    in the elections of 1940 he was the candidate of the Communist Party … his portrait hung next to Blas Roca’s and Lazaro Pena’s; and half a dozen ministers and confidants of his are leading members of the CP

  23. AWIU:
    Sergeant Fulgencio Batista deposed the existing government in 1933. Corruption became increasingly rampant in the ensuing years. Cuba’s economy was dependent on the US. Their biggest cash crop was sugar and Americans owned 9 of the 10 large sugar mills. Americans set prices, set import/export quotas and taxes, made and owned the machinery and provided the administrative personnel.

    The 1950s were probably the hey-days of Havana. It had everything – glamour, great climate, excellent food and an incredible nightlife. Gambling casinos were open 24 hours, nightclub shows were spectacular and sex was a big drawing card complete with “los exhibiciones” – live sex shows. The mob ran the casinos and Batista ran Cuba.

    During the 1930s, when Batista was first in power, gangster Meyer Lansky told Mafia boss Lucky Luciano that he had Batista in his pocket, “whether he’s president or whether he puts somebody else in, he belongs to us. I’m handling the transfer to his account in Switzerland.”

    On New Year’s Eve, l958 came the revolution. Cubans were mostly very rich “haves” and starving “have-nots”. Considering how long Cubans had other powers running their affairs, with deep poverty, hunger (in 1950 the World Bank reported 40% urban dwellers and 60% country folk were undernourished) and incredible corruption, it is no wonder that they supported a revolution.

  24. 12Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 13th, 2010 at 10:23
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Like TJ English are a lot of old and modern “journalists” that writes for a racist crowd of readers interested only in details that can supply them the needed antidote to lift their poor self esteem…….. Cuba was a very different place at the time English wrote those lies…….. you can’t name more than 2 mafia guys operating in Cuba but you can name thousands operating in USA or Russia or Yugoslavia or Jamaica or Japan…….. so Cuba was a very clean country at the time ….. racist writers always find a pretext for their “arguments” in same way you tries desperately to show a past Cuba did not have……. Another racist writer wrote something similar 100 years before what caused the hard and honorable response known as “Vindication of Cuba” written by Jose Marti………. of course, between Marti and you there are oceans of difference…. that’s why he reacts with fire words to the racist and you instead use the racist word as standard.

  25. 11Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 13th, 2010 at 10:16
    American Heritage:
    at I did not know about Cuba was that during all those lilting years of daiquiris and rumbas, $49.50 weekend cruises and tea dances at the Havana Sevilla-Biltmore, American businesses, American banks, and American gangsters had owned Cuba just as surely as Britain and France owned their colonies in Africa and Asia
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Can you prove it with documental proves????????

    No you don’t…….. one can’t pretend to use old political propaganda as arguments…. you can’t use fiction to combat reality…… you can’t thug……..

    American Banks owned nothing in Cuba but Cubans banks…….. There was 4 large American companies operating in Cuba: Electric Co., Telephone Co, a glass fabricator and a nickel company….. all those companies were financed by Cuban National Finance Agencies like BANFAIC, BANDES and Financiera Nacional, then those American companies owned nothing in Cuba but were owned by Cuban State until theirs loans were paid, that’s way they does not appears as owners in the list of Jimenez. Here you have thug….. learn the difference between pre castro Cuba where Cubans owned the country and today’s Cuba where foreigners owns the country.

    http://cuban-exile.com/doc_226-250/doc0234-22.html

  26. Havana Nocturne:
    “n modern-day Havana, the remnants of the glamorous past are everywhere — the old hotel-casinos, vintage American cars, and flickering neon signs speak of a bygone era that is widely familiar and often romanticized, but little understood. In Havana Nocturne, T. J. English offers a riveting, multifaceted true tale of organized crime, political corruption, roaring nightlife, revolution, and international conflict that interweaves the dual stories of the Mob in Havana and the event that would overshadow it, the Cuban Revolution.

    As the Cuban people labored under a violently repressive regime throughout the 1950s, Mob leaders Meyer Lansky and Charles “Lucky” Luciano turned their eye to Havana. To them, Cuba was the ultimate dream, the greatest hope for the future of the American Mob in the post-Prohibition years of intensified government crackdowns. But when it came time to make their move, it was Lansky, the brilliant Jewish mobster, who reigned supreme. Having cultivated strong ties with the Cuban government and in particular the brutal dictator Fulgencio Batista, Lansky brought key mobsters to Havana to put his ambitious business plans in motion.

    Before long, the Mob, with Batista’s corrupt government in its pocket, owned the biggest luxury hotels and casinos in Havana, launching an unprecedented tourism boom complete with the most lavish entertainment, the world’s biggest celebrities, the most beautiful women, and gambling galore. But their dreams collided with those of Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, and others who would lead the country’s disenfranchised to overthrow their corrupt government and its foreign partners — an epic cultural battle that English captures in all its sexy, decadent, ugly glory.”
    T.J. English

  27. American Heritage:
    at I did not know about Cuba was that during all those lilting years of daiquiris and rumbas, $49.50 weekend cruises and tea dances at the Havana Sevilla-Biltmore, American businesses, American banks, and American gangsters had owned Cuba just as surely as Britain and France owned their colonies in Africa and Asia. Fidel Castro laid out his case against the American regime in a four-and-a-half-hour address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City in 1960, the year after he had seized power. All the public services in Cuba —electricity, telephones, transit lines- were owned or controlled by American companies. Most of the banks, the import-export firms, the sugar and oil refineries, the arable land—those, too, were owned by Americans. The standard of living, especially in rural areas, was primitive: More than a third of Cubans were illiterate, 70 percent of rural children had no teachers, nine out of ten rural children had parasites, and 2 percent of the entire population had tuberculosis. Close to half the liand was owned by 1.5 percent of all the land-owners, and 85 percent of the small farmers paid a third of their gross income in rent.

  28. 9Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 13th, 2010 at 01:49
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    I gave a link to a castrofascist site so you could not try to discredit the information source…….. but I would give you links to 300 other sites where you can find Jimenez investigation but many of them are from USA and you would jump as a rabitt if I used one of those links….. so, I gave you your own medicine…… you have to adapt your mind to the fact that sometimes castrofascist and anticastrofascist find points of coincidence…….. this is one of them…… I, for example, agree with castrofascism when it denounce USA’s perfidy toward Cuba since the very beginning of Cuba’s history……. this coincidence do not make me a castrofascist and do not makes castrofascism a better thing…………. Yoani and a lot of anticastrofascists more agrees with regime about the necessity of USA lifting of the embargo…. And so on……..
    For your information….. companies and property owners are not the same…….. US citizens had 5.911 companies in Cuba but the value of owned property of American citizens was 2000 million dollars, this figure is a fact in which is based the actual compensation reclamation of US gov…….. making a little math …… divide 2000 millions with 5.911 and you have that American citizens owned 380.352 dollars each….. so….. they are below the minimum ownership selected by Jimenez (5 million dollars) in order to be included in the list of “Cuba’s owners in 1958″…….. in other words those guys did own nothing….. the few Americans that owned something in Cuba are included in the list.
    Remarcable in your desperate comment 9 is the fact that you are ready to reject even castrofascism data in order to support your lies and misinformation intents…
    I am sorry thug….. but I will not let you lie……. you have to account with me when you decide to lie…… believe me.
    By the way….. why took you out damir of the site?????…….. there is no Croatian speaking people in Cuba that can help the thug to continue with the stupid lie??????

  29. It is surprising, to say the least, that after you criticize Cuba’s media as unreliable and untrustworthy, you now refer to it as reliable and trustworthy. If anyone else did that on this blog they would be called all that foolishness you rant about when others disagree with your perspective, or lack thereof; when reason and history are not on your side.

    The United States established a registry of claims against the Cuban government, ultimately developing files on 5,911 specific US companies alone, that were nationalized by the revolutionary government.

    I addressed the era that Yoani addressed as the “model”. Take a valium before getting on the blog so that you can calmly read what is actually written.

  30. 6Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 12th, 2010 at 20:29

    Yoani’s blog should be entitled “Annexation 101”
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    hehehe……. did you liked #7 silly thug??????…….. I will not let you lie, dirty ones…… I will be watching, I will always have the truth ready to hit your dirthy mouth with it……. you can be sure of that………..
    By the way….. I hope you understand after reading Juventud Rebelde article that Cuba belonged to Cubans before castrofascism….. the real anexation was made by castro regimen….. because castro started to develop a series of disastrous economical policies that made disappear some of the most important industries in Cuba and made appear those industries in……….USA!!!!!!!
    This is the case of Cuba’s Sugar industry. The first producer of sugar in the word and owner of the biggest industry of this type, Cuba lost this industry because the well planed destruction project Castro put in practice since the very beginning of his tyranny. To day Cuba is no more a sugar exporter, Cuba’s former huge sugar industry exist no more. Where is this industry today???…… yes you guessed right ….. in Florida, USA. Some of Cuba’s former sugar magnates had only to move to USA and start over there conquering the market Castro left free. Today Cuba is a sugar importer, where imports Cuba sugar from???………… yes, you guess right again……… from USA!!!
    – The same happened with Cuba’s tourism industry. Castro implemented political strategies that led to the destruction of Cuba’s big tourism industry, the poorer and isolated the cuban people grew the smaller and obsolete the tourism industry became. One more time Florida State grew richer and bigger thanks Cuba’s disgrace. Cities like Miami, Tampa and Key West left behind the old quiet and sleepy style and transformed in huge tourism emporiums thanks the conversion of cities like Havana, Santiago de Cuba and Varadero in small and poor places full of ruins.
    – Other cubans industries like Citric, Coffee, Fishing, Light industry, Media, Shipping, etc, suffered the same destiny and today thrives in US territory.
    – Not only economical favors made Castro to USA. His gratitude went far beyond the unthinkable; Cuba became a vacuum cleaner that sucked huge amount of financial and natural resources of the country that believed Castro was it allay, this country was the USSR. In a master move Castro/USA convinced the USSR that the tyrant was the soviets best friend. The naive and truthful Russians bit the hook and emptied almost theirs whole national treasure in “sustaining” Castro. The Soviets sent to Cuba during 2 decades more than 5000 billions dollars yearly plus millions of oil tons, millions of wood tons, cement, iron, paper, glass, chemicals, weapons, machinery, steel, etc. The big amount of resources Cuba disappeared made the dictator Leonid Brezhnev say that “the Cubans are capable of vanishing in just a week a whole wood that took millions of years to grow up”. In this way the USSR got exhausted and disappeared as nation and world power.
    – Where ended all resources the USSR sent to Cuba? A lot of money went to engross the dictator’s accounts and containers full of money spread over the world the dictator hide to use it “just in case of need”. The most of these resources went to be used to “spread the revolution over the world”. “To spread the revolution” is the pompous name the tyrant gave to other master move he made for his truly allay and sustainer, USA. What Castro spread was poverty over the already poor countries of Latin-America and Africa, poverty spread in form of guerrilla war and political instability that hinder the fight of these countries for get out poverty. In this way the countries of Latin-America and Africa were pushed deeper theirs already deep dependence of the world richest countries. With a poor Latin-America in poverty and maintained by Castro entertained in fights and revolts USA had free hands for taking care of the Soviets and China, in addition the latin-american countries would finish this period so exhausted that the only worries USA will have of them is to avoid the mass emigration. The last example of this well planed strategy was the raise of Chavez in Venezuela and the conversion of this rich country in another “friendly enemy”.
    This is a realy effective annexation….. but you prefer to forget it and dares accuse Yoani of annexionist……. you are nothing but a natural born traitor to your nation!!!!!!

  31. 6Barbara Curbelo

    Junio 12th, 2010 at 20:29
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    With his habitual misinformation agenda agent curbelo try to confuse the reader telling only part of the truth, ancient history from 1926 back……. Why these agents mention nothing about the history from 1926 forward????…….. Well the agent hides the rest of the history because his intention is not to find the truth but misinformation…….. here is the real history.
    In 1900 Cuba was born to the world as a devastated country. More than 3 decades fiery war left the country, one of the richest if not the richest in the world, totally destroyed and Cubans ruined. This situation was used for investors from everywhere but principally USA to grab Cuba’s natural resources and develop all kind business. From 1900 till 1920 Cuba’s “owners” were mostly foreigner. The great depression of 1920 was a turn point for this situation. From 1920 to 1940 Cubans took back the country and became the owners of everything in huge proportion………
    Because I don’t like to write thing without proves to back my statements….. here I give a link to………… Juventud Rebelde cyber edition (Rebel Youth: Official organ of Cuban Communist Youth) where this indoctrination organ publishes part of the book of the Investigator and Writer Guillermo Jimenez “Cuba’s Owners 1958″…… Jimenez, making an amazing investigative work give the relation of the names of Cuba’s owners, the people that owned properties and business in pre castro Cuba in year 1958. Jimenez gives the complete list of names of this people classified by estimated fortune and properties relation……. This investigation shows that 99% of Cuba’s owners were CUBANS!!!!! in 1958…… Cubans had pushed out almost totally all US companies and international owners was a little % shared by US, Spain and Latin Americans natives……… I hope the silly thug will not dare to deny an investigative work used by the Young Communist Cubans to “illustrate” capitalism before castro!!!!
    Here first the list of names by category (includes nationality) and at the botton the link to Juventud Rebelde……. enjoys!!!!!!!!
    Category 1 (more tan 100 millions dollars)
    – Amoss, Walter
    – Arechabala y Arechabala, José M.
    – Aspuru San Pedro, Manuel
    – Azqueta Aranguena, Jesús / español
    – Bartés Clarens, Fco. Antonio
    – Batista G. Mendoza, Eugenio
    – Batista Zaldívar, Fulgencio
    – Blanco Calás, Francisco
    – Blanco Rosell, Alfredo
    – Beguiristaín Alemán, Gustavo Manuel
    – Braga Rionda, Bernardo / “norteamericano”
    – Burn, Augustine Vincent / hondureño
    – Cacidedo Gutiérrez, Esteban
    – Castaño Montalván, Nicolás
    – Díaz Pardo, Rogelio Ángel
    – Dupont de Nemours, Irénée / norteamericano
    – Falla-Bonet, Eutimio
    – Fanjul Estrada, Alfonso / español
    – Fanjul Rionda, Higinio
    – García Díaz, Salustiano / español
    – Gelats Botet, Juan
    – Gianelloni, Vivian J. / norteamericano
    – Gómez-Mena Vila, José
    – Gutiérrez Valladón, Viriato
    – Hedges, Dayton / norteamericano
    – Lobo Olavarría, Julio / venezolano
    – Mendoza Freyre de Andrade, Luis G.
    – Miyares López, Antonio
    – Núñez Pérez, Carlos
    – Ramírez León, Eladio
    – Rionda de la Torriente, José Bernardo
    – Rosado Rodríguez, Antonio
    – Rosenberg, Philip / norteamericano
    – Santeiro García, Elena
    – Suero Falla, Alejandro
    – Tarafa Govín, José Miguel
    – Valle Grau, Lorenzo
    – Velasco Montalvo, Alvaro G.
    – Zulueta Bessón, Julián de

    Category 2 (50-100 millions dollars)
    – Alliegro Milá, Anselmo
    – Almasqué Domenech, Alberto / español
    – Álvarez Cabrera, Alberto Inocente
    – Arca Campos, Manuel
    – Aréchaga Araluce, Amado
    – Babum Selman, Ibrahim
    – Bacardí Rosell, Emilio
    – Barletta Barletta, Amadeo / italiano
    – Barroso del Piñar, Jorge Tomás
    – Battisti Lora, Amleto
    – Blanco-Herrera Clavería, Julio
    – Cajigas García del Prado, Francisco
    – Cámara O’Reilly, José Ignacio
    – Canavés Llull, Jaime / español
    – Canfux Ramos, Miguel Ángel
    – Carrillo de Albornoz Glez. de Mendoza, Andrés
    – Carvajal Olivares, Ignacio
    – Casanova de Soto, José Manuel
    – Casas Fernández, Baldomero
    – Casteleiro Colmenares, Jorge
    – Casteleiro Pedrera, Segundo
    – Cintas Rodríguez, Oscar
    – Clark Díaz, Sergio Ignacio
    – Conill Rafecas, Enrique
    – Cortina García, José Manuel
    – Covani Pucinelli, Radamés
    – Díaz González, Cristóbal
    – Domínguez Fumero, Vicente F.
    – Dosal Quijano, Martín
    – Entrialgo Bolado, Aquilino
    – Escagedo Salmón, Gregorio
    – Escobar Tamayo, Francisco
    – Falla Álvarez, Miguel Ángel
    – Fernández Blanco, Manuel
    – Fernández Blanco, Manuel
    – Fernández Casas, Federico
    – Ferro Martínez, Simeón
    – Fowler Suárez, George R. del Villar
    – García-Beltrán Alfonso, Marcelino
    – García-Tuñón Mazorra, Alberto
    – Garrigó Artigas Jr., José
    – Gasch Prieto, José / español
    – Godoy Loret de Mola, Gastón
    – Godoy Sayán, Enrique
    – Glez. del Valle Hierro, Miguel Angel
    – Glez. Gordón, Alvaro / español
    – Grabiel Lavín, Amado
    – Grau Triana, Pedro Teodoro
    – Hedges, James Dayton / jamaicano
    – Hornedo Suárez, Alfredo
    – Iglesias de la Torre, Julio
    – Iturrioz Llaguno, José Fermín
    – Lamar Roura, Justo
    – López Serrano, José Antonio
    – López Vilaboy, José
    – Luzárraga Echevarría, Mamerto / español
    – Méndez Martínez, Domingo / español
    – Mendoza Goicochea, Paul
    – Mendoza Vinent, Roberto G.
    – Menéndez García, Alonso / español
    – Menocal Seva, hermanos Mario G y Raúl G.
    – Mestre Espinosa, Goar
    – Monné Serio, Francisco
    – Montoro Saladrigas, Mario
    – Navarrete Kindelán-Aguilera, hnos. Octaviano y Javier
    – Navarrete Parreño, Octaviano
    – Nazábal del Castaño, Pura
    – Núñez Beattie, Gonzalo
    – Palacios Arce, Rafael / español
    – Palicio Argüelles, Fernando / español
    – Palomo Beceiro, Melchor / español
    – Pando Armand, Francisco de
    – Pedroso Arósregui, Víctor M.
    – Pingree, Summer / norteamericano
    – Pita Cartaya, Arturo
    – Pujol Balmaseda, Juan Manuel
    – Real Alemán, Basilio del
    – Remedios Oliva, Carlos Benito
    – Riva Domínguez, Fernando
    – Roberts Gálvez, Alex M.
    – Rodríguez Cintra, Antonio Helier
    – Romagosa Sánchez, Ernesto
    – Sánchez Cil, Rafael L.
    – Sánchez Laurent, Emilio
    – Sánchez Sánchez, Rafael
    – Santeiro Crusellas, Luis Ramón
    – Saralegui Arrizubieta, Francisco / español
    – Sardiña Segrera, Eugenio
    – Sarrá Hernández, Ernesto
    – Schueg Bacardí, Jorge
    – Shapiro, Charles / ruso – dueño de Los Precios Fijos
    – Smith, Harry / canadiense
    – Sobrín Ovalle, Francisco / español
    – Solís Alió, Alberto
    – Suero Bernal, Roberto
    – Valle Raez, Luis Eufemio
    – Velasco Sarrá, Celia
    – Vidal Más, Francisco / español
    Category 3 and 4 (50-5 millions dollars)
    – Abascal Berenger, Ricardo
    – Abravanel Varón, Isidoro
    – Águila Sarduy, Rafael
    – Aguilera Sánchez, Guillermo
    – Aguilera Sánchez, Lutgardo L.
    – Alamilla Gutiérrez, Guillermo Emilio
    – Albarrán Varela, Eugenio Jorge
    – Almagro Ariosa, Mauricio de
    – Amézaga Oña, Ricardo
    – Andreu Martínez, José Raimundo
    – Arango Arango, Miguel Ciriaco
    – Arellano Glez. de Mendoza, Adolfo de
    – Arellano Glez. de Mendoza, Gonzalo María de
    – Argüelles Pozo, Elicio
    – Armas Martín, Alberto de
    – Arroyo Márquez, Nicolás
    – Aspuru Plasencia, Carlos Luis
    – Barker, Ezra James
    – Barreto Martínez, Fidel
    – Basterrechea Díaz, Pedro Augusto
    – Batista Glez. de Mendoza, Eugenio
    – Behar Maya, Roberto
    – Bengochea Glez., Arturo Armando
    – Bergnes Soler, Calixto
    – Bernal Gonzalo, José Agustín
    – Bethart Otalora, Luis
    – Bibal Iburuzqueta, José
    – Bolívar Moreyra, Cándido Eusebio
    – Bonilla Sosa, Salvador
    – Borges del JUnco, Maximino de la Luz
    – Bosch Lamarque, Margarita
    – Brandon Maduro, David H.
    – Bugeda Muñoz, Jerónimo
    – Calvo Viera, Lucas Francisco
    – Cambó Ruiz, Ángel
    – Campbell, William Allan
    – Carbó Morera, Sergio
    – Cárdenas Echarte, Silvio de
    – Cardet Hijuelos, Alberto
    – Cardo Méndez, Evangelisto
    – Carreño Sardiña, Manuel de Jesús
    – Carrerá Delgado, Edelberto de
    – Casas Rodríguez, César
    – Castillo Perpiñán, José Antonio
    – Cervera Falla, Miguel
    – Céspedes Ortiz, Carlos Miguel de
    – Cifuentes Torriello, Ramón
    – Comella Taltavull, Juan
    – Crusellas Touzet, Ramón F.
    – Cruz Ugarte, Carlos Manuel de la
    – Cubas del Mármol, José Enrique
    – Cubas Hererra, José Manuel
    – Díaz, José María
    – Díaz Cuervo, Juan B.
    – Díaz de Villegas D’Estrampes, René Luis
    – Díaz del Villar, Joaquín
    – Diego Glez., Servando
    – Domingo Morales del Castillo, Andrés A.
    – Dumás Alcocer, Julio
    – Entrialgo Aixalá, Luis
    – Escobar Tamayo, Francisco
    – Espino Escalés, Mario
    – Falcón del Castillo, Antonio
    – Felipe Camacho, Tomás
    – Fernández Gutiérrez, José
    – Fernández Mederos, Eugenio Rafael
    – Fernández Prieto, Antonio
    – Fernández Valle, Manuel
    – Forcade Pedro, Julio
    – Fox Zamora, Martín
    – Gamba Álvarez de la Campa, Manuel Tomás
    – Gancedo Toca, Enrique
    – García Herrera, Manuel
    – García Lago, Cayetano
    – García Mallo, Alfredo
    – Gastón Segrera, Melchor W.
    – Goicochea, Glez-Abreu, Ma. Antonia
    – Gómez Tarafa, Laura
    – Gómez-Mena Vivanco, Alfonso
    – Gómez-Mena Waddington, Manuel
    – Glez. Cárdenas, Rafael Laureano
    – Gorrín Padilla, José Eligio
    – Goudié Monteverde, Manuel f.
    – Govante Fuertes, Evelio
    – Gronlier Avendaño, Juan J.
    – Hdez. Glez., Rafael A.
    – Hdez. Mendoza, Juan José
    – Hdez. Trelles, Jorge A.
    – Jiménez Ruiz, Ángel
    – Joaristi Lanzagorta, Celestino
    – Jorge Cepero, Severiano
    – Kaffenburg, Alberto W.
    – Klawans Wolf, Edward
    – Lastra Humara, Julián
    – Lazo Guiral, Mario
    – Lecuona Caballol, Julio César
    – Liebow, William
    – López Oña, José Manuel
    – López Sánchez, Germán s.
    – Loret de Mola Bueno, Luis
    – Lorido Lombardero, José

    The link: http://www.juventudrebelde.cu/columnas/lectura/2007-06-17/propietarios-ii-y-final/

  32. Yoani’s blog should be entitled “Annexation 101”

    Although delaying the transition from childhood to adulthood is characteristic of “Generation Y”, and it may help to explain at least in part, why Yoani’s analysis of what she criticizes is not only superficial, but devoid of possible suggestions or solutions; it doesn‘t quite explain her refusal to address the suffering that the vast majority of Cubans endured since the beginning of the “compromised” independence. She consistently seems to indicate that the solution lies in the past and not the future.
    In this post, for instance, she rounds like a day-dreamer floating down Willy Wonka’s river of chocolate, as she fantasizes about the perfect days when Milton Hershey owned 600,000 acres of the best real estate in Cuba, 65,000 of which he used for his sugar cane plantations, 5 mills, and his very own 251 miles long railroad.

    Although Hershey was a Mennonite and may have applied some of his Christian virtues to his businesses in the US (and maybe did the same when he landed in Cuba in 1919 after beet sugar imports from Europe became extremely difficult during WWI), it doesn’t seem plausible that he amassed such a fortune in Cuba by being overly generous to his workers.

    The fact is that by 1926, US corporations and Banks controlled all of Cuba’s economy, with the exception of a few British banks and two Cuban banks that still remained from the 20 banks and their 334 branches that had thrived earlier. The New York Stock Market crash that followed only made life more miserable for nationals.

    But the sugar cane laborers, mostly Blacks and Chinese were always treated miserably, yet Yoani ignores that awful reality and laments, much like Peter Pan, how unfortunate it was that time had to move forward from such an idealistic period. It was indeed idealistic for foreign interests, and a handful of Cuban annexationists beholden to them. Everyone else could only hope for meager scraps from their fatted tables. Hence, my suggestion of “Annexation 101”.

    The ridiculous video posted here is a laughable montage. It’s embarrassing to see people feign crying over chocolate as if a family member had died, when Cubans don’t generally cry in public, and when you can get chocolates in Cuba, as well as delicious homemade cakes, fresh fruit ice-creams, the best flans, fresh fruit shakes or desserts, etc.. They don’t eat that stuff all the time, and they don’t junk food at all. They also walk a lot or bicycle, that’s why they are generally healthier than we are.

  33. HERSHEY was a magnificent example both on creation and execution of an entire town. I do not know if the Milton Family realize what an impact their business practices will have, at least in Cuba.
    Theirs was the only example of foreign investment that I know treated not only their employees but their entire community with respect and dignity.
    I am glad some memories like this are resurected and maybe studied to serve as guidelines demanded from the new foreign investors salivating for oportunities in Cuba.

    Curious enogh, not everybody wished to live there as evidence by the limited size of the town. Compare that to present day conditions in which anybody seems to covet a job in the hospitality industry.

  34. The interesting part is that certain bloggers were not allowed into the screening — so typical of a regime that attempts to control everything. And typical that Yoani did not make a big deal about it — it is par for the course. The film, or at least the little bit I saw, is slightly sentimental, but then the people of Hershey are sentimental about the past of their town. They have so little that a chocolate bar can bring on tears. I have talked to professionals in Cuba who wonder wistfully about the good pizza restaurants in their towns — restaurants they simply do not have the money to go near. A bit sad.

  35. Gracias por este articulo, muy interesante. Dios quiera que el pueblo de Hersey vuelva a ser algun dia lo que era antes. “Si puedes sonarlo puedes hacerlo” dijo Walt Disney. Salud y todo lo mejor para ti Yoanis.

  36. Dear Yoani,
    I just watched Model Town and my heart is heavy. When and how will all this end for the Cuban people? So sad are the older people. Imagine chocolate having such an effect on people.
    I’m really at a loss for words.
    You the Cuban people are always in my prayers.

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