Street Vendors or Walkers

Private B&B operators trying to attract tourists.

“I want a donut with meringue,” says the kid in his red and white school uniform to a vendor who never stops walking back and forth. A wide band of cloth around his shoulders supports the wooden and acrylic box filled with cakes, cookies and pastries. Tony is the most famous baker in the neighborhood. He opened his first dessert kiosk over a decade ago and has passed through all the stages of the emerging private sector in Cuba: enthusiasm, annoyance, the numbers not adding up, and even turning in his license. Now he lives in a time of revival along with 346,000 self-employed workers who — especially in the last year — are prominent on the streets of the whole country.

This time Tony didn’t want to keep the little shack outside the Tulipan train station where he sold so many peanut candies. The high price of leasing a space from the State made him give up his old post amid the bustle of the avenue and the whistles of the locomotives. Cleverly, he noticed that the license for street vendor has much lower taxes and decided to devote himself to walking the street corners outside schools. He figured that this way he wouldn’t have to pay for electricity or securing his kiosk with half a dozen locks so it wouldn’t be robbed in the night, much less have to feed the cops for free from his tiny counter. Giving up a fixed location for the mobility of his two legs seemed to offer only advantages.

In the fine print of the “street vendor” license, however, it is unclear how long Tony can stand in one place. Each inspector interprets in his own way how long these “nomadic dessert sellers” can occupy the same site. With the result that, so far this month, our neighborhood entrepreneur has spent so much in fines and free muffins to these implacable supervisors that the high costs of his previous license look like peanuts. Now, Tony has a line of children following behind him asking for a donut here and an empanada there, and he can’t stop. He walks from Boyeros Street to tony 26th Avenue and asks himself why this emerging sector has to be plagued with so many absurdities, so many limitations. A decision is taking shape in his mind: to become part of the 25% of the self-employed who have permanently cancelled their licenses.

33 thoughts on “Street Vendors or Walkers

  1. A los que defienden los viajes a Cuba.
    De E.U. de A. viajan a Cuba 300,000 personas al ano ; mas; o menos.
    Si divide 300,000 entr 3 personas por familia van a Cuba al ano 100,000 familias.
    Cuba tiene 11,000,000 de cubanos; si los dividimos por 5 cubanos por familia, seria 2,200,000millones de familias cubanas.
    Si dividimos 100,000 familas que van a Cuba entre 2,200,000 de familias cubanas seria 0.04 por cada 100 familias cubanas.
    Ese 4% de 100 familia benefician al resto del 96% de cubanos que no tienen familias.
    Y por ese 4% que beneficio tienen el resto de los 96% de cubanos que no tienen familias aqui.
    No es una falaci de los que apoyan los viajes .
    El unico que se veneficia es Fidel Y Raul por las divisas que ovtienen para seguir atropellando a los que se les oponen .
    ELvivi de miami.

  2. El odio de Fidel Castro hacia Estados Unidos no le importo llevar su pais Cuba a la miseria ;; (el odio se impuso) .
    Cuando la Union Sovietica cayo ,Gorbachot estubo aqui en miami , y volo a la Habana para pedirle a Fidel que abandonara el comunismo ; per su repuesta fue , que Cuba seria el ultimo pais comunista del mundo;; EL ODIO SE IMPUSO ;.
    Si Fidel lo hubiera escuchado hace 20 anos atras, Cuba se hubiera recuperado , y no seria el pais miserable , dividido ycon odio etre los cubanos que el para mantenerce en el poder ha impuesto en mi pais CUBA.
    ELvivi de miami

  3. Cuando era nino en el machadato a travez de la ventana de mi casa vi arrastrar algunas personas.
    Cundo Fidel triunfo en los comieso del ano 1960 Fidel y sus seguidores mas sangrientos fusilaron cientos de personas.
    Pero los hombres no cambian ; veo en el futuro a todos estos esbirros de Fidel pasarle lo mismo que paso en esos anos pasados ; que los abusadores que por seguir lideres como carneros cometen atrocidades y al final cuando las dictaduras caen ellos son los que pagan con su vida ; mientra los lideres escapan de la justicia de los pueblos.
    EL vivi de miami,

  4. Some cretin, and humberto de mierda knows exactly who he is, reckons that I could go to prison for in her words: “threatening” this blog.

    Well the cretin being usanian citizen, thinks that that is actually a democracy: throwing in jail anyone who dares to rebel.

    Firstly, the true democracy, in which the said loser obviously doesn’t live, ALLOWS the right to a difference of opinions.

    Secondly, such a democracy, in which the said loser obviously doesn’t live, ALLOWS the people to rebel if their rights are violated.

    Thirdly, from that comment it is obvious thatthe said loser obviously lives in a nazist gulag where those concepts I mention above simply do not exist.

    Fourthly, I live in a foreign country where these concepts are still practiced, poorly as it may be, but still are observed. And for as long as they are observed, the country that would try and throw me in a prison for my comments has no legal chance in being successful in asking my extradition because my words are NOT considered a crime.

    On the contrary, my words are the reflection of ESSENTIAL human right, the same all the losers here pretend to practice yet obviously want to deny to me:


    Not that you idiots would understand those rights. If you did, there would be NO “dissidents” pretending to be from Cuba.

    Or anywhere else.

    Come on pigs, time to gorge on more pearls. (this from your “bible”, so if you don’t like it hang your “god” and his “son” bejesus by the balls)

  5. Want to talk about the dark sides?

    Here’s a well known ex-usanian banker. He says it out LOUDLY that you are all peons ans merely containers. That you are the stupid little soldiers doing the dirty job for your white “gods”.

    And that you are so mentally deranged that you do not even realise that:

  6. Would someone explain to the dum-dum that personal blogs aren’t democracies? This is a moderated comment section, and what this means is that the MODERATOR decides which comments get posted. You see, that’s the point of moderating. Duh. Frankly, I think the moderator here is more than generous with your inane rants.

    Dear moderator, please ban this creep. He’s threatening to take down your site, gee, I’m sure Yoani is just shaking in her boots.

  7. Damierda said: “NEVER AGAIN try to block me. The first time you do, your site will be taken down forever.”


  8. Since you usanians, and all those conservatives around the shrinking capitalist world who are buying usanian nazist brainwash like it is cocaine -infused soft drink, are too stupid to actually follow the nes programs, here’s what your reporters say while you eat junk food and drink that soft drink that are going to kill you peacefully. The reason why Cuba will nEVER be invaded and will CONTINUE as it is:

    Listen carefully the parts where the usanian reporters are talking about CUBA.

    Liste CAREFULLY. These are YOUR own news reporters.

  9. That’s better.

    NEVER AGAIN try to block me. The first time you do, your site will be taken down forever.

    That’s the promise you can take to your fallen capitalist bank.

    It is PURE HYPOCRISY of the team “yoani” pretending to talk up the fight for some elusive “democracy” and “freedom of speech” and then block, delete, modify posts to your heart’s content.

    In doing so you are showing your TRUE face to the world:

    You are wannabe Castros simply looking for a chance to grab the throne and reign in your own dictatorship for as long as you can.

    But then, that is something we all know so why not come out of the closet and simply admit what a load of criminals you are.

    It’s no secret anyway.

  10. Democracy at work:

    If it were Cuba, the nazists, the white “gods” of the team “yoani” and their pioneers brigade, would bomb them to dust.

  11. Hey, “democrats”!!!! Blocking my links and posts yet again!!!

    Hiding the truth!!!!!

    Not allowing the opposing voices to be heard!!! Is THAT the “democracy” you are talking about?

    I and millions who, in your wet dreams, visit this site never doubted you to be just a bunch of budding dictators just waiting for a chance to replace Castros and continue violating your own people.

    Keep trying to block me and we’ll have the war. I’ll block you much better than you can ever block me.

    I’ll take your sorry site down all together.

    Your choice.

    I hope you continue blocking my posts, so that I can tear your site into pieces.

    Your step is next.

    And then it will be my turn.

    YOUR choice what happens next.

  12. There:

    “some kind of pragmatic” nazism spraying people PEACEFULLY protesting!!!

    If it were Cuba usa would already bomb them to dust, wouldn’t they, being such “great” freedom fighters” and “democrats”!!!

    HAve a look at other videos, there are actually more than one policeman spraying people who simply exercise their supposed RIGHT to protest peacefully on the streets of their own country.

    Such things never happen in Cuba.

    But you fake “cubans” posting here, copying and pasting lies and capitalist propaganda wouldn’t know the first thing about Cuba, would you?!?!?!

    You have NEVER even seen the island, and still dare to patronise Cubans and offer your stupid lectures about the country and what should Cubans do to make you, and your white “gods” happy!!!


    THIS is what your azist usa is:

    POLICE STATE in Carribeans, YES!

    But it’s the nazist gulag usa, not Cuba.


    YOUTUBE : “Cyberwar” in Las Razones de Cuba 1/2 -razonesdecuba
    The program, the latest in a series called “Cuba’s Reasons,” showed Sanchez in grainy videos entering the U.S. Interests Section in Havana and European embassies. In return, she has collected a total of $500,000 in international prizes for her work, the program said.
    The “Cuba’s Reasons” series has tried to show that the United States is using new technologies to try to subvert the Cuban government.


  15. Todo es muy bonito desde aqui. Yo vivo en Cuba y alli nadie conoce a Yoani Sanchez y a los otros colaboradores blogueros porque alla nadie casi, tiene internet, eso lo sabe de sobra Yoani que vive explendidamente de la emigracion y Fundacion cubanoamericana, asi es un vacilon vivir en Cuba, hablando con Mariela Castro quien me imagino le haga el caso del perro y hablando con todas las emisoras de Miami. Asi piensa Yoani que va a tumbar el gobierno? Ja ja.


    CUBAN DOCUMENTARY “+600 DEGREES” : 17-minute documentary about the demise of the Foundries in San Jose de Las Lajas ( written and directed by Yoel Rodríguez López, a graduate of cultural studies at the Agrarian University of Havana and MA in Sociocultural Anthropology. This material is a valuable document that contains in itself a part of history, a current reality, a process, a way of relating, a sense of loss and endurance time.

    YOUTUBE: Documental cubano : +600° (Spanish only)


    WASHINGTON POST: Cuba says sugar industry slashing bureaucracy, costs in restructuring of once-dominant crop – November 18

    HAVANA — Cuba’s once-mighty sugar industry is going on a diet.

    Authorities are shuttering all but 26 of the 178 bureaucratic entities associated with sugar production and eliminating an unspecified number of jobs to slash administrative costs by 55 percent, Communist Party newspaper Granma said Friday.

    “The new structure … will make it possible to improve organization, reduce expenses and, above all, bolster productivity,” Granma said in an article running on two full pages. “This will generate the necessary revenue for the industry to fund itself and contribute to the national economy.”

    The restructuring is part of a major industry overhaul to boost efficiency a year after authorities reported a harvest of 1.1 million tons of sugar, the smallest since 1905. Officials announced in September that the Sugar Ministry was being scrapped in favor of a sugar company that will answer to the Council of State and is to be self-sufficient.

    Like coffee, rum and cigars, sugar is one of Cuba’s most iconic products. The island used to be a world leader in sugar, producing 6 million- to 7 million-ton yields annually.

    Former Cuban leader Fidel Castro had made the sugar harvest a point of national pride, mobilizing much of the urban population to help farmers cut cane in the countryside.

    The collapse of the Soviet Union, however, deprived Cuba of its main buyer, and the $600 million-a-year sugar industry now trails nickel production and tourism as a source of foreign income. Rising prices in recent years have prompted officials to revamp the sector.

    Granma didn’t say how many workers are being affected by the restructuring, but said the government will help them retrain or find jobs. Many have already been reassigned, and those for whom no new position is found will continue to draw a salary.

    “The relocation of leaders, specialists and experienced technicians will make it possible to better exploit the training and qualifications of those who until now have been spending their time on fragmented or less useful tasks,” the newspaper said. “Even other sectors … will be beneficiaries by receiving part of this (labor) force.”

    Even high government officials have criticized the Sugar Ministry as maintaining a bloated bureaucracy and for involving itself in tangential operations such as rail transportation and sugar exportation.

    Under the new system, those and other responsibilities will pass to other ministries, leaving the sugar company to focus on its core mission of production, Granma said.

    The sugar overhaul is being instituted alongside a host of other economic reforms being pushed by President Raul Castro, including stimulating the creation of independent small businesses, laying off hundreds of thousands from government payrolls and turning over fallow state land to private farmers and cooperatives.

  18. Here, the video with Mexican drug gang “Zetas”, the ones I wrote about a year ago controlling the Cubans in Miami and employing them (for next to nothing) to smuggle drugs and people into the usa.

    One of the Zetas in this video confesses to be Cuban, later confirmed to be from Miami, and that he was smuggling people and drugs into the usa. He was specialising in his fellows Cubans.

    As I always say, the team “yoani” and their support brigade are just a bunch of moralising gangsters pretending to have only the “best” in mind for their compatriots, yet the very “employment” page, as I have pointed out many a time, brimms with “job opportunities” indisputably written by Mexican mafia. Like the one “selling legal” EU passports and looking for “enterpreneurs” in Cuba to develop the business locally.

    Only criminals can publish such advertisements on their web sites.

  19. My home country of Croatia has committed unspeakable atrocities so I have to focus on how evil the United States is.

  20. ***
    HI HELP–#6, #10. And Dr. Barbie–#7. Thank you for the information. I know a man who did the Cuba visit via Mexico.
    Hola, AYUDAS–#6, #10. Y MEDICO BARBIE–#7. Gracias por la informacion. Conozco un hombre quien hizo la visita a Cuba pasando por Mexico.
    John Bibb

  21. Dr. Barbie, I agree with you, just say nothing and there is no problem. The Cuba government doesn’t stamp passports so that Americans will feel safe visiting. It’s true that one day a US admin might crack down, but it’s never happened, and things are moving in the other direction right now.

    My point was that even the “embargo breakers” who want to be prosecuted by Uncle Sam are having no luck these days. The last thing an American visitor to Cuba has to worry about is Uncle Sam. Plenty of other stuff to worry about though, like Dengue Fever, or all the other diseases that go unreported. I know someone who came back and was sick for a year, doctors still aren’t sure what she got.


    MIAMI HERALD : UN report now accepts Cuban data- Havana was not on a previous development list because of questions about its data- By Juan O. Tamayo

    A United Nations agency has returned Cuba to its national development ranking after a year of exile to a separate list that included North Korea and Eritrea because of doubts about data provided by Havana.

    The Human Development Report for 2011, produced by the U.N. Development Programme and published earlier this month, ranked Cuba 51st in the world and fifth in Latin America and the Caribbean, behind Chile, Argentina, Barbados and Uruguay. Cuba had the same ranking in 2009.

    The UNDP index, which combines economic, education, health and some human rights indicators to rank countries on a scale of national development, ranked Norway first in the world and the United States fourth.

    It has been issued annually since 1990, but last year the UNDP left Cuba out of it main rankings list, noting that the manner in which the island computes some of its economic figures makes it too difficult to compare with other countries. Cuba counts the value of government services, such as healthcare and education — a method not used by others.

    Instead, the UNDP put Cuba on a list of other countries and territories whose statistics were not comparable, missing or too small to provide reliable indications of development. It included Grenada, Eritrea, Samoa, Iraq, Somalia and North Korea.

    The 2010 report added that Cuba was “currently revising and updating its international statistics in order to establish internationally comparable data,” and it expressed hope “that in due time comparable … data will become available.’’

    The 2011 report said only that a key indicator of Cuba’s economy, purchasing power parity, had been “estimated” but gave no details of how that was done and did not mention the island had been left off the 2010 list.

    Carmelo Mesa-Lago, a University of Pittsburgh expert on the Cuban economy who has complained repeatedly to the UNDP about its acceptance of Havana’s data, said he was surprised by the island’s return to the main list. “Nothing new has happened, in terms of statistics, that would allow them to reach a more reliable estimate,” Mesa-Lago said.

    Dissident economist Oscar Espinosa Chepe complained the new ranking was based on official Cuban government figures that don’t appear to match the reality of life on the communist-ruled island. It’s difficult to accept Cuba’s ranking, he said, when the Cuban government regularly violates human rights and is struggling to reform an economy that is all but insolvent.



    Cuba Bumped from Human Development Index over Missing Data- By Thalif Deen

    UNITED NATIONS, Jan 20, 2011

    (IPS) – When the U.N. Development Programme (UNDP) formulates its annual Human Development Index (HDI), it uses several socioeconomic indicators – including life expectancy, gross national income and literacy – to rank member states and also measure quality of life in these countries.But a nation widely singled out for its positive achievements in education, health care and life expectancy has been left out of the index, complains Ambassador Pedro Nunez Mosquera, Cuba’s permanent representative to the United Nations. Asked for a response, William Orme of the UNDP’s Human Development Report Office told IPS that, “No one wants Cuba in the HDI more than we do.” “The index is our flagship product, and the goal is always for maximum inclusion,” he said. Explaining the lapse,
    Orme said Cuba was omitted from the 2010 HDI due to the absence of current internationally reported data for one of the three required indicators: health, education and income (which are used to calculate the composite HDI value, which in turn determines a country’s HDI ranking.) The missing indicator for Cuba was for income, he said, pointing out that there is no internationally reported figure for Cuba’s Gross National Income adjusted for Purchasing Power Parity (GNI-PPP): the figure used for all countries for the income component of the HDI, and which is normally provided by the World Bank and/or the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Unofficial estimates of GNI-PPP, Orme said, were considered unreliable by the statisticians and economists at the Human Development Report Office, and the U.N. Statistical Commission has advised against the use of such imputed – as opposed to officially reported – figures as human development indicators for HDI calculation purposes. The HDI is an integral part of the annual Human Development Report commissioned by UNDP and which, according to UNDP Administrator Helen Clark, “relies heavily on knowledge and insights from sister U.N. agencies, national governments and hundreds of scholars from around the world.” In the 2010 report, which also commemorates the 20th anniversary of the HDR, Clark says “UNDP can take appropriate pride in its backing of this intellectually independent and innovative report for the past two decades.” But she admits the HDRs “have never been a UNDP product alone”, pointing out that “we can and should continue to be guided by the HDRs values and findings for the next 20 years – and beyond.” The countries with “very high human development” in 2010 include Norway, Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Ireland. In explaining it further, Orme told IPS the HDR strives every year to include as many countries as possible in its annual Index and “greatly regrets Cuba’s absence from the list this year, as UNDP has expressed to Cuba’s U.N. representatives”. UNDP is not itself a source or generator of national or international income data or other human development statistics, however. The hope and expectation is that Cuba can once again be included in the HDI once new statistical reporting on income from the Cuban government is obtained by the relevant international institutions in the field, Orme said.


  24. @Help: once one returns to the US from a trip to Cuba, say via Mexico or Canada, I don’t think it’s too clever to tell the Immigration Officer that he or she is returning from Cuba. It’s like asking for trouble.
    Also, there is no doubt on why Cuban authorities don’t stamp tourist’s passports, like say their Dominican or Costa Rican counterparts, and that’s mostly because they don’t want to cause later trouble to such tourists wanting to enter to the US.

  25. John, millions of US citizens without any family ties to Cuba have visited Cuba and I have never heard of any going to jail. Some people say a few got fined years ago, but I never read about it and I don’t know any who have ever been fined, and if you don’t declare you’ve been to Cuba when you come back to the US the chances of you being fined are less than being arrested for jaywalking. Some “embargo breakers” openly declare they are breaking the law when they get back in an effort to get fined and make an anti-“embargo” statement, but none are having any success.

    All that’s if you go “illegal” through Mexico or Canada. The US government makes it very easy to go perfectly legal though. Just head down to the nearest church or community group that is taking a charter to Cuba, or if you want to go alone, just say you are heading there for educational purposes. There are lots of loopholes to this “embargo”.

    I wish it were so easy bringing my Cuban friends to America, we’ve been trying for years to rescue some of them, but both the Cuban and US governments make it very hard for most Cubans, even to visit.

  26. ***
    Is it legal for a U.S. Citizen without family in Cuba to visit? Looks like lots of Cubans would welcome a paying visitor in their homes. It would be a good way to improve Spanish skills. And the Cuban family could improve English skills. And might eat better “tourist” food. Will these visitors go to jail in the U.S. when they return?
    Es legal por un cidudano de los E.E. sin familia en Cuba visitar? Parace que muchos Cubanos estaran a gusto con un visitante pagador en sus casas. Estara un buen modo mejor habilidad en El Espanol. Y las familias Cubanos puedan mejorar sus habilidades en el Ingles. Y puedan comer mejor clase de comida “turista”. Van al carcel los visitantes cuando regresan a los E.E.?
    John Bibb

  27. Damir says: “Well, the reality is rather different. Turn on the TV….capitalism is imploding and self-destructing as you read this”

    Sorry, I don’t watch reality TV. What channel is “Imploding Capitalism” on? Maybe Castro should watch it or read your posts, the guy thinks capitalism will save Cuba from self-destruction.

    Too bad they don’t have free elections in Cuba,so you could run for president on the “20 dollar a month socialism is great” platform.

  28. How sillyof the team “yoani” to keep talking rubbish.

    When will you learn to TAKE a GOOD advice?

    Or, at least ask your usanian instructors for help…

    Exactly he same principle applies in your beloved “some kind of pragmatic nazism.. sorry, capitalism”

    You may be able to discover on the internet to which you have full and unaffected access, despite your own lies to the opposite, and discover that in such countries as Italy, Australia, France etc – all “some kind of pragmaitic capitalist” countries – ambulant vendors (the class to which Tony belongs) MUST NOT remain in one spot form more than what the law permits.

    In italy you must continue to walk, just in Cuba, except when serving the clients. In Australia, combi van-based ice-cream vendors can only stop for an hour MAX in one spot, and walking vendors are – P R O H I B I T E D C o m p l e t e l y.

    So, what was the point here again?

    That “some kind of pragmatic capitalism” sucks?

    Why, that we know since 1918. Only ignorants, self-isolated into their own delusions and fantasy worlds, like that of the team “yoani” where “some kind of pragmatic capitalism” sounds like a good idea, think that “some kind of pragmatic capitalism” actually IS a good idea.

    Well, the reality is rather different. Turn on the TV for once and get educated. “some kind of pragmatic capitalism” is imploding and self-destructing as you read this.

    Are you getting the message from that?


    Born without the brain?


  29. UNCOMMON SENSE: 6 Cuban activists released after more than 2 months in jail- November 16, 2011

    Six Cuban political activists were released this week after 2 1/2 months in jail.

    But this being Cuba under Castro, the authorities advised the six — Víctor Campa Almenares, Alexis Aquirrazabal Rodríguez, Bismark Mustelier Galán, Miguel Cabrera Montoya, José Martínez Ferrer and Alexis Kuang Jerez — they could still be prosecuted, “depending on their behavior.”

    The six, along with Nivaldo Amelo Ramirez, were beaten and arrested on Aug. 28, while attending a meeting at the home of activist Marino Antomarchit Rivero. There was no word on Amelo’s status


    MIAMI HERALD : Matriarch of family that fought in Cuban Revolution dies at 95- By Michael Sallah

    Maria Fariñas Rodriguez, matriarch of a Cuban family whose members fought in the Escambray Mountains during the revolution and were later thrown in prison for delivering guns to guerrillas opposed to Fidel Castro’s government, died in Ohio on Monday. She was 95.

    Born in a poor farming family in the heart of Villa Clara province, Fariñas raised her own children to seek a better life starting with a strong education — a path that led several to join the student protests against the government of Fulgencio Batista in the 1950s.

    Two of her eight children ended up in the mountains to fight in the Escambray Second Front during the revolution, including her daughter, Olga, who married one of the leading commanders of the rebel force, an American named William Morgan.

    She “knew it was the safest place. Her and my father [supported] me, in whatever I did,” recalled Olga Morgan Goodwin.

    Though Fariñas and her husband Juan struggled financially to raise their growing family, their home in Santa Clara was always open to hungry neighbors and members of student groups, said Goodwin.

    “Everybody loved her,” said Goodwin. “She always left her door open. If she had one piece of bread, she would [share] it. If she had a cup of coffee, she would give away half of it.”

    Through much of her life, Fariñas struggled: a younger child, Roberto, died at 11 from an infection, and a second child, Gilberto, died in a car crash in Cuba on Mother’s Day in 1959.

    During the revolution, her home was searched by Batista’s police and at one point her brother Gilberto was brutally beaten and tossed in front of her door. “Still, she wouldn’t talk about it,” said Goodwin, who learned about it from her sisters.

    Years later, when Goodwin and her husband, William Morgan, began running arms to the mountains to rebels opposing the Castro government in 1960, both were arrested. Fariñas attended Morgan’s public trial in Havana, then visited him just hours before his highly publicized execution in 1961.

    She later helped raise the couple’s two daughters while Goodwin was in prison until her release in 1973. Fariñas and her husband, Juan, later moved to the United States and settled with Goodwin in Ohio in 1981.

    Despite her hardships, “she was a happy lady,” especially after most of her children joined her in the United States, recalled Goodwin. “She would never let us fight. She would say, ‘No, no, no, you need to be together all the time.’ She wanted peace in our family.”

    Juan, her husband of 55 years, died in 1981. Fariñas is survived by daughters Olga, Carmen Rodriguez Fariñas, Irma Vasquez, Rita Aguila and Ada Hernandez and a son, Lazaro Rodriguez Fariñas; 12 grandchildren, 30 great-grandchildren and 11 great-great grandchildren.

    Funeral services will be Friday at 10 a.m. at the Newcomer Funeral Home in Toledo, Ohio. Burial will follow at Forest Cemetery in Toledo.

    Miami Herald staff writer Laura Figueroa contributed to this report.

    WIKIPEDIA: The War Against the Bandits was a six-year rebellion (1959–1965) in the Escambray Mountains by a group of Cuban insurgents who opposed the new Communist government led by Fidel Castro. The rebelling group of insurgents received assistance from the Central Intelligence Agency and was a mix of former Batista soldiers, local farmers, and former allied guerrillas who had fought alongside Castro against Batista during the Cuban Revolution. The end result was the elimination of all insurgents by Cuban government forces in 1965.
    The insurgent guajiro rural farmers were aided by some former Batista forces, but were mostly led by former Revolutionary Directorate rebels (13 of March Movement), such as anti-communists Osvaldo Ramirez and Comandante William Alexander Morgan, both of whom had fought Batista “casquitos” in the same area only a few years before.[5] Morgan himself was executed in 1961 long before the resistance ended,[6] The CIA provided some aid to the insurgents, but withdrew all support after the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, ensuring their ultimate defeat. Some of the failures could be attributed to Castro’s “roll up” of CIA operatives in Cuba.[7]

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